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Open to all Penn State students, this eLearning module allows you to learn the facts about sexual assault and sexual harassment, as well as develop practical skills to keep you and your friends safe. The Stand for State strategy is a comprehensive approach to violence prevention that capitalizes on the power of peer and cultural influence across all levels of the socio-ecological model.
Informed by social change theory, the model targets all community members as potential bystanders, and seeks to engage them, through awareness, education, and skills-practice, in proactive behaviors that establish intolerance of violence as the norm, as well as reactive interventions in high-risk situations — resulting in the ultimate reduction of violence. Specifically, the program targets influential and respected individuals from across community subgroups. The goal is for these groups to engage in a basic education program that will equip them to integrate moments of prevention within existing relationships and daily activities.
By doing so, new norms will be introduced and those within their sphere of influence will be ificantly influenced to move from passive agreement that violence is wrong, to active intervention. Conceptually, Stand for State is comprised of three basic components: Stay tuned for dates on the Stand for State training! To up, contact Jill Betton, [ protected]. Rape is not just a women's problem. Nor is rape something that happens to someone else, somewhere else. It happens everywhere, every day, every minute to girls and women of all ages.
Family and friends of the victim are also affected. We are all affected. Rape is the result of a culture that promotes male dominance and views women as inferior beings. It's the extreme expression of a continuum of sexist behaviors that inhibit women from having equal access to opportunities; these behaviors range from sex-role stereotyping and sexist remarks and jokes to sex-based discrimination and, ultimately, to actual sexual harassment and violence against women.
Rape is a ificant problem on college campuses across the nation, where most victims are acquainted with their assailants. At Penn State approximately students sought assistance for sexual assault during the academic year. Alcohol was involved in at least 70 percent of the cases. The effects of rape on these student victims can be devastating, creating emotional, trauma-related difficulties and, consequently, disrupting or ending their academic careers.
In fact, in three students at Penn State planned to withdraw from the University and two became pregnant as a result of their experience. Incidents were not investigated, except when reported to the police. Incidents are not categorized based on legal criminal definitions.
According to Pennsylvania law, rape, which is a first-degree felony, is sexual intercourse obtained:. Sexual assault, which is a second-degree felony, consists of non-consensual sexual intercourse. Sexual intercourse includes vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
There must be some penetration, however slight, but ejaculation is not necessary. Aggravated indecent assault, also a second-degree felony, consists of penetration of the genitals or anus by a part of the offender's body without consent. Indecent assault is unwanted touching of intimate parts of the body and is a second-degree misdemeanor. Rape and sexual assault can be committed by a stranger, acquaintance, close friend, relative, date, or a spouse. Alcohol or other drug use can impair an individual's ability to give consent.
The penalties range from imprisonment for up to two years for indecent assault to imprisonment for up to ten years for sexual assault and twenty years for rape, in addition to fines and restitution. The statute of limitations for reporting rape, sexual assault, and aggravated indecent assault is five years and two years for reporting indecent assault. Myths about rape are pervasive in our culture. They function to discredit victims and make them feel personally responsible so they will not report the rape.
Myths also give women a false sense of security and disinhibit the behavior of rapists. Replacing myths with facts is the first step in altering the conditions that lead to rape. FACT: Rape victims come from all socioeconomic classes and ethnic backgrounds and range in age from 3 months to 97 years. Men and boys can be victims, too. The highest rape victimization rate is for women between the ages of 16 and 19; the second highest is for women between the ages of 20 and The average age of sexual assault victims at Penn State is MYTH: Most rapes are committed by strangers in a dark place at night.
National data also indicate that most sexual assaults and rapes are committed by someone the woman knows. Rape can take place anywhere, at any time. Many acquaintance rapes occur in the context of a dating relationship and typically take place on the man's turf. For college women, their normal social environment - a party where alcohol is used - involves more of a risk for sexual victimization than does walking alone down a dark street.
MYTH: Rape is a sexual crime, impulsively committed by a man for sexual gratification. FACT: Rape is a crime of violence and aggression. Its intent is to overpower, degrade, and humiliate the victim. MYTH: Women provoke rape by how they behave, dress, or where they choose to go. Rape is the victim's fault. FACT: Rape is never the victim's fault.
If a woman wants to be involved sexually with a man, it would not be necessary for him to use force or threats of physical violence. Research shows that rapists look for available women they perceive as vulnerable. MYTH: In a dating situation, when a woman says "no," she really means "yes. MYTH: Women report rapes to get even with men or to protect their reputations. FACT: According to the FBI, fewer than 2 percent of reports of rapes are false, which is the same percentage for the false reporting of other crimes.
In fact, anywhere from 50 to 90 percent of all rapes are not reported to the police. Learn to be assertive and speak directly. Don't worry about being polite. Expect and demand that your rights and feelings be respected. No matter how careful you or your friends are, it may not be possible to prevent a rape. Then it becomes important to know what to do to help yourself or a friend feel safe again. Remember, it is not your fault or her fault. No one asks to be raped, and no one deserves it.
As a friend of a victim, there are things you can do to help. The kind of support she gets determines how quickly she will heal from the rape. It's important to listen in a nonjudgmental way, let her know she is not to blame, encourage action, let her regain control of her life by making decisions she needs to make, and understand that each victim reacts and recovers differently. Most likely you will be affected, too, so take care of yourself and your own needs as well. While most victims of sexual assault are women, men can be victims, too.
At Penn State the same medical, emotional, and legal services are available to men. Health care is provided through Penn Highlands DuBois. Sexual Assault. Sexual Assault Nurses are available to assist those who have experience sexual assault. First year students should take Penn State AWARE, which can be found at this site Bystander Intervention The Stand for State strategy is a comprehensive approach to violence prevention that capitalizes on the power of peer and cultural influence across all levels of the socio-ecological model.
Sexual Assault Awareness Because rape is everyone's problem Rape is not just a women's problem. What Is the Crime of Rape? Take Action Women and Men: Think about what your sexual limits are, and be prepared to communicate them directly. Be aware of sex-role stereotypes that prevent you from acting as you want to, such as a woman not being able to initiate sexual activity or a man not being able to say "no.
Make sure that your body language is consistent with verbal messages. Remember that alcohol and other drugs can interfere with your ability to communicate effectively and deal with potentially dangerous situations.
Be responsible in your decision making with regard to alcohol and drugs. Women: Learn to be assertive and speak directly. Be aware that some men make assumptions about a woman's willingness to engage in sexual activity because of her behavior. If she's drinking heavily, dressed provocatively, or goes to his room, he may assume that she's available. Trust your instincts. If the situation doesn't feel right, it probably isn't. Confront the person immediately or leave. Avoid being in a vulnerable situation with someone you don't know well. Know how you're getting home from a social event. Use common sense to avoid stranger attacks: lock your doors, cooperate with residence hall security measures, try to walk with someone at night, stay alert to your surroundings, take well-lit walkways.
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