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Learn More. Or in a crisistext "NAMI" to Donate Now. While there is great diversity within this community, there are some shared cultural factors that connect people regardless of ancestry or national origin. For some, their indigenous roots are a source of pride. A large portion of this community speaks the Spanish language. There is also a shared connection of religious affiliations, strong family bonds, connections to extended networks and a resilient approach to life and work.
It is important to appreciate these differences and understand how community members self-identify based on race, ethnicity, or national origin. Since the Spanish language is typically gendered, the term Latinx is used to eliminate a binary choice male vs. Those who identify as Hispanic may be referring to ancestors from Spain or other Spanish-speaking countries. More than half of Hispanic young adults ages with serious mental illness may not receive treatment. This inequality puts these communities at a higher risk for more severe and persistent forms of mental health conditions, because without treatment, mental health conditions often worsen.
This is due to many unique barriers to care. Language Barriers Language barriers can make communicating with providers difficult, or even impossible, particularly when a person is seeking counseling for sensitive or uniquely personal issues. These topics can be difficult for anyone to put into words, but it is especially difficult for those who may not speak the same language as a potential provider.
Poverty and Less Health Insurance Coverage Individuals who live in poverty have a higher risk of mental illness and, conversely, individuals with mental illness have a higher risk of living in poverty. Legal Status For immigrants who arrive without documentation, the fear of deportation can prevent them from seeking help.
Even though millions of children of undocumented immigrants are eligible for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act, many families either may not know about the eligibility or be afraid to register due to fear of separation.
Acculturation has been found to predict use of health care services, with a higher level of acculturation resulting in higher utilization. This can lead to a lack of information and continued stigma about mental health within the community, as talking about it can be viewed as taboo. Additionally, faith communities may be a source of distress if they are not well informed and do not know how to support families dealing with mental health conditions.
When mental health is not commonly or openly talked about, people seeking treatment may have limited knowledge and comfort with different types of therapy and psychiatric medications. Providers should use a compassionate and collaborative approach to engage individuals in treatment planning.
Cultural humility is necessary to provide quality care. A culturally sensitive doctor would be aware of this interpretation and would ask for more information instead of assuming the problem is purely physical.
While we recommend going directly to a mental health professionala primary care doctor can be a great place to start for an initial assessment or to get a referral for a recommended mental health professional. Community and faith organizations may also have a list of available mental health providers in your area. When meeting with a provider, it can be helpful to ask questions to get a sense of their level of cultural awareness. Providers expect and welcome questions from their patients or clients, since this helps them better understand what is important in their treatment.
Here are some sample questions:. Whether you seek help from a primary care doctor or a mental health professionalyou should finish your sessions with health professionals feeling heard and respected. You may want to ask yourself:. If your preferred language is not English, let the office staff know when you schedule your appointment; this will allow them to schedule an interpreter before your visit. When using an interpreter, your mental health provider should:.
If you believe that language barriers are negatively affecting your mental health treatment, consider bringing it up to your mental health provider. They may be able to schedule more frequent or longer appointments to allow adequate time for the use of the interpreter. The relationship and communication between a person and their mental health provider is a key aspect of treatment. The program also highlights how and where to find help. Compartiendo Esperanza: No Hay Salud Sin Salud Mental Through stories and quotes, this booklet provides mental health information in a sensitive manner.
Recovery is possible, and this booklet tells you where to find more information, seek help and be supportive. American Society of Hispanic Psychiatry Promotes the research, education, advocacy and support for those in the Hispanic community. Therapy for Latinx A database of therapists who either identify as Latinx or has worked closely with and understands the unique needs of the Latinx community.
The website is also offered in Spanish. Search Close Menu. In About Mental Illness. About Mental Illness Treatments. About Mental Illness Research.
Your Journey Individuals with Mental Illness. Your Journey Family Members and Caregivers. Your Journey Identity and Cultural Dimensions. Your Journey Frontline Professionals. Get Involved Become a Fundraiser.
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Advocacy Policy Platform. Advocacy Crisis Intervention. Advocacy State Fact Sheets. Advocacy Public Policy Reports. Know the warning s Learn the common s of mental illness in adults and adolescents. Mental health conditions Learn more about common mental health conditions that affect millions. How do you see our cultural backgrounds influencing our communication and my treatment?
You may want to ask yourself: Did I feel heard? Did I feel my provider understood my concerns? Did my provider communicate effectively with me? Is my provider willing to integrate my beliefs, practices, identity and cultural background into my treatment plan?
Did I feel like I was treated with respect and dignity? Do I feel like my provider understands and relates well with me? When using an interpreter, your mental health provider should: Look at you directly when speaking — not communicate only with the interpreter. Ask short questions and communicate short messages to promote effective interpretation and reduce errors.
Allow enough time for the interpreter to finish the statement and for you to ask questions when you need to. More Information If finances are preventing you from finding help, contact a local health or mental health clinic or your local government to see what services you qualify for.
You can find contact information online at findtreatment. If you or your loved one does not speak English, or are not comfortably fluent, you have the right to receive language-access services at institutions that receive funding from the federal government as well as the right to request a trained interpreter and to receive forms or information in your preferred language. If you do not have legal documentation, seek out clinics and resources that care for all members of the community.
Latinx-based organizations often provide services regardless of legal status. Or in a crisis. All Rights Reserved.Latina needs a real person
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When Labels Don’t Fit: Hispanics and Their Views of Identity